The common answer to this problem is usually a chlorine treatment similar to that used to clean swimming pools. However, this form of chemical treatment is dangerous due to the chemical properties of chlorine (a toxic gas) and the potential hazardous effects of combining chlorine with water. As such, other stormwater solutions like filtration have been proposed.
Filtering involves using a filter to separate unwanted impurities from the water that will undergo purification. These filters vary in size, some are used to separate debris and twigs, among other things, from water; some remove impurities such as sediments and bacteria. The end result, after undergoing multiple stages of filtration, is clean water.
Flash floods and mudslides are a problem that affect people almost everywhere, particularly those that live in hilly areas like Iowa. Due to these natural disaster risks, investing in good and sturdy stormwater systems should be a priority in areas prone to flooding, especially when planning to develop a community.
A good stormwater system should be able to contain a large volume of water at any given time, seeing that the purpose of these water systems is to have a holding area for rain water, thus preventing floods. As these systems collect water during severe rains, operators have the option to gradually release water that has accumulated in these water systems. This may result in very minor flooding, but it helps in the long run since the controlled release prevents flash floods.
The Hudson River is an important watercourse serving as the gateway to mainland New York up north. Ships frequently pass through the river, allowing trade and tourism to reach inland, especially the state capital of Albany. As of late, however, the Hudson has been limited to shipping; Casey Tolan of the New York Daily News reports that its days of being a hot swimming spot are all but over.
Water samples picked up and analyzed by Columbia University microbiologists detected significant traces of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, the so-called “superbugs.” These bacteria have developed strong immunity to antibiotics over time, rendering a number of those on the market ineffective. Swimming in the Hudson, especially with an open wound, increases the chances of getting the superbug. Experts believe methods such as proper storm water management could have prevented this problem from getting worse.
Puget Sound in Washington State has a long-standing problem with regards to pollution. According to the Washington Environmental Council, around 14 million pounds of toxic waste enter its waters every year. Nobody wants to see Puget Sound, the state’s maritime gateway to economic coastal hubs, decidedly unsound; that’s why four companies have recently been fined by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for aggravating the problem, according to Michelle Esteban of Komo News.
The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) slapped a total of $847,000 in fines on an auto works facility, a waste management company, a construction firm, and a cement manufacturer for polluted stormwater runoff. If Puget Sound is to have any hope of being a wildlife sanctuary again, it has to start with the folks living on the coastline; to that end, more than one good stormwater BMP (best management practice) should be requirements in running any business.